Notes on John Cage

John Cage

John cage was born on the 5th September 1912 and died august 12th 1992. John cage who was also known as John Milton Cage Jr was an American composer of the 20th century. John Cage briefly attended College and then traveled in Europe. Returning to the United States in 1931, he studied music with Richard Buhlig, Arnold Schoenberg, Adolph Weiss, and Henry Cowell. While teaching in Seattle for two years, he began organising percussion ensembles to perform his compositions, and he began experimenting with works for dance in collaboration with his longtime friend, the choreographer and dancer Merce Cunningham.

Cage’s early compositions were written in the 12-tone method of his teacher Schoenberg, but by 1939 he had begun to experiment with increasingly unorthodox instruments such as the “prepared piano”. A prepared piano is a piano modified by objects placed between its strings in order to produce otherworldly sound effects.

John Cage also experimented with tape recorders, record players, and radios in his effort to step outside the bounds of conventional Western music and its concepts of meaningful sound. The concert he gave with his percussion ensemble at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City in 1943 marked the first step in his emergence as a leader of the American musical avant-garde.